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Battery Chemistries

On this page is are two generic comparison tables for all of the different battery chemistries offered by Cell Pack Solutions. The table provides brief information on the various battery chemistries listed on our website and their relevant features benefits along with popular applications that they are used in. Our comments are just a brief indication on the limitations and best use of the particular battery technology, more information and detail is available if needed.

Primary Cells

Battery TypeNominal Voltage (Per Cell)Typical ApplicationComments
Alkaline (Zinc Manganese Dioxide)1.5VAudio equipment, torches, cameras, games.Most common battery, not good for use in portable digital devices.
Zinc CarbonVaries
(approx 1.5V)
Toys, radios, torches and amplifiers.Cheapest of all technologies but this is reflected in performance. They have the lowest capacity, low storage life and are very susceptible to temperature (capacity drastically reduces at low temperatures).
Zinc Chloride1.5VTorches, toys, clocks, flashing warning-lamps.Around half the const of long-life alkaline batteries, however performance shows with this reduced price.
Zinc Silver Oxide1.55VWatches, car keys, camera memory, calculators, electronic address books.Most stable voltage characteristics of 'Button-type' cells and deliver high performance.
Zinc Air1.2V - 1.3VHearing aids, pagers and personal medical instrumentsTwice the capacity of Silver Oxide; however, have a shorter service life.
Lithium Thionyl Chloride3.6VPrincipally Low discharge rate applications.Very wide operating temperature range: -55°C to +85°C.
Lithium Manganese Dioxide3.0VPrincipally Low discharge rate applications.Have a wide operating temperature range of -30°C to +60°C.

Secondary Cells

Battery TypeNominal Voltage (Per Cell)Typical ApplicationComments
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)1.2VUsed in high drain devices such as laptop computers, mobile phones and camcorders.Have high energy density delivering up to double the capacity of NiCd batteries of similar sizes. Broad operating temperature -20°C to +60°C. Can be recharged between 300 and 1000 times.
Nickel Cadmium (NiCd)1.2VUsed for high drain portable digital devices such as mobile/cordless phones, laptops, camcorders.Can be charged between 300-1000 times. Now being replaced by NiMH due to environmental concerns over Cadmium. Operating temperature range of -40°C to +60°C.
Sealed Lead Acid4V - 12VUPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply), Emergency lighting, Wheelchairs, Telecom back-up power supplies, Lawnmowers, Engine startersVery reliable batteries which withstand overcharge, over discharge, and resistance to vibration and shock. Ideal for backup power supplies.
Lithium-ion3.7VSimilar to NiMH and NiCd, portable digital equipment however cost slightly more than both of these technologies.Can be charged between 300-1000 times. Same operating temperature range as NiMH, but are more robust, as partial charge/discharge cycles have no effect on battery performance.